Bienala de Arhitectura 2018: FREESPACE

Bienala de Arhitectura 2018: FREESPACE

Infiintata in 1895, Bienala din Venezia este una dintre cele mai prestigioase organizatii culturale din lume, renumita pentru stabilirea noilor tendinte globale si pentru lansarea carierelor la nivel international a multor artisti si arhitecti. Pentru fiecare editie, comisia Bienalei de la Venetia numeste curatori de top, selectati din intreaga lume, pentru a organiza expozitii foarte provocatoare sau revolutionare in zonele de arta, arhitectura, film, dans, muzica si teatru.

Foto de Andrea Avezzù – Cu amabilitatea Bienalei de la Venetia

Bienala de Arhitectura are loc o data la doi ani, din mai pana in noiembrie - alternand cu Bienala de Arta - si se desfasoara in doua locatii din partea de est a Venetiei: Arsenale si Giardini. Odata, cel mai mare centru de productie pre-industrial din lume, Arsenale a fost transformat in 50.000 de metri patrati de spatiu expozitional si functii conexe. Giardini, o zona de parc, gazduieste pavilionul central, impreuna cu 29 de pavilioane nationale care reprezinta anumite tari sau regiuni.

Editia din acest an a Bienalei de Arhitectura, este deschisa publicului de sambata, 26 mai pana duminica, 25 noiembrie la Giardini si Arsenale. In total, expozitia principala va cuprinde 71 de participanti, dintre care 63  sunt participanti nationali.

Bienala de Arhitectura 2018: FREESPACE

 

Curatorii din acest an, arhitectii Yvonne Farrell si Shelley McNamara, au intitulat cea de-a 16-a Expozitie Internationala de Arhitectura, FREESPACE. Cu accent pe intrebarile legate de calitatea spatiului deschis si liber, Farrell si McNamara definesc conceptul de Freespace ca spatii care stau la baza generozitatii si umanitatii practicilor arhitecturale. "Noi vedem arhitectura ca pe o traducere a nevoii, in cel mai larg sens, intr-un spatiu semnificativ", spun Farrell si McNamara.

 

The Arsenale

Italian architect Francesca Torzo was invited by curators Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara to present her interpretation of the FREESPACE theme at the Arsenale. The architect selected the renovation and extension of Z33, a house of contemporary art, in Hasselt (Belgium).

Photo by Francesco Galli
Courtesy: La Biennale di Venezia

Francesca Torzo presents this project by showing important fragments of the project in images, texts, drawings and several models that describe in an abstract way the sequence of the project spaces. Among the different objects are 1:1 prototypes that offer an experience of the materials used in the project. Visitors build their own experience of the different spaces by walking around and through the installation. 

Z33 belongs to the Beguinage of Hasselt as a part of the wall built around the Beguinages garden, merging the existing museum from 1958 and the extension building. Francesca Torzo interpreted this historical complex as an island in the urban tissue by the exceptional size of the void and the permanency of its border of brick construction. The façade, made out of 34.494 handmade bricks, placed one by one, protects the quietness of the house of art and the garden.

To fit the elegant shape of the façade SlimLine 38 windows from Reynaers Aluminium were selected.

Photo: Francesca Torzo architetto

Inside, the building is made up out of simple rooms that vary in size, proportion and light atmosphere. The design plays with the gradients of exposure and intimacy, public and domestic. The rooms overlook each other, offering plural perspectives and views as it happens in a city.

The Belgian Pavilion

Eurotopie, the selected project for the Belgian Pavilion at the Biennale Architettura 2018 addresses the issues and challenges tackled by the European Union. Despite being the EU’s principal territorial, physical and symbolic anchorage, the European Quarter in Brussels seems in no way to contribute to a collective European identity. The relationship of the European Quarter with its host city, however, is ambiguous.

 

 

According to the curators Traumnovelle and Roxane Le Grelle, Europe is the only great narrative which can effectively counter nationalism and extremism. With Eurotopie, they hope to arouse political commitment in European citizens and extend an invitation to pursue the construction of Europe as a political ideal as well as its anchorage in Brussels. They also address architects and space-makers in considering how the European democratic space can be constructed, and how it can cohabit with Brussels.

Photo: Italo Rondinella - Courtesy of La Biennale di Venezia

Eurotopie will occupy the Belgian Pavilion for the six-month exhibition. Built in 1907 by Léon Sneyers and renovated several times since, it is the oldest Pavilion in the Giardini. It boasts high ceilings and beautiful natural light as well as a prime location along the major axis of the Giardini.